Our approach

Rating Criteria

Rating Criteria explains our forward-looking ratings approach. Criteria reports identify rating drivers and assumptions, and highlight the scope and limitations of our analysis. Master Criteria describe the basic foundation for our ratings within a sector. Cross-Sector Criteria explain Fitch’s approach to topics that relate to multiple areas or audiences. Sector-Specific Criteria describe Fitch’s analytical approach for individual sectors, and address specific credit factors.

Our Approach

Ratings Process

Fitch Ratings provides forward-looking credit opinions, as indicated by its ratings, that reflect its expectations of credit behavior over a range of scenarios. The rating process begins when an arranger, issuer, sponsor, or underwriter contacts a member of Fitch’s Business Relationship Management (BRM) group with a request to engage Fitch. Fitch may also initiate unsolicited rating coverage where sufficient public information is available to provide insight to subscribers and the public debt market.

Outlook 2023

澳洲5开奖结果体彩-2023澳洲幸运五开奖历史查询-澳洲五分彩开奖官网直播APP Global Economic Outlook

Global growth is showing near-term resilience but with core inflation remaining stubbornly high, central banks will have to continue tightening policy in the coming months.


Digital Infra Project Expansion Likely with Federal Broadband Funding

Significant federal funding being deployed to improve and expand high-speed broadband internet access across the U.S. is likely to drive a wave of digital infrastructure projects.

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Australian Bank Results for 2Q23 Highlight NIM Cycle Downturn

Australian Bank Results for 2Q23 Highlight NIM Cycle Downturn

Canadian Covered Bond Ratings Not Impacted by Canadian Wildfires

India’s Bank Operating Environment Boosted as Economic Risks Recede

Japanese Life Insurers Set to Benefit from Rising Bond Yields

Slower Loan Growth Not Yet Constraining Taiwan Banks’ Profitability

Nearshoring is a Multi-Year Tailwind for Mexican Corporate Credits

Digital Infrastructure Project Expansion Likely with Federal Broadband Funding

Amid Steep Median Declines, Rays of Light for U.S. NFP Hospitals

India’s Retail Central Bank Digital Currency Project Makes Headway

Pressure from LGFV Debt Varies Across Chinese Banks

Canadian Pension Funds to Weather Challenging Operating Environment

2023 Virtual Investor Series - EMEA CLOs

2023 Virtual Investor Series - EMEA ABS

2023 Virtual Investor Series - EMEA RMBS

2023 Virtual Investor Series - EMEA CMBS

Deleveraging to Reduce Risk for Japan's Top 100 Corporates

Small Chinese Banks Continue to Face Credit Profile Pressure

2023 Global Mining Sector Outlook Changed to Neutral from Deteriorating

2023 Virtual Investor Series - Global Covered Bonds

2023 Virtual Investor Series - North America Structured Credit

2023 Global Housing and Mortgage Outlook Mid-Year Update

China’s Recovery Reduces Risks to APAC Sector Mid-Year Outlooks

China’s LGFVs May Issue More Infrastructure REITs

Inflation, Tight Pricing to Weigh on EMEA Autos’ Profitability

Japan’s Demand for Foreign Bonds to Remain Weak

2023 Virtual Investor Series - North America CMBS

2023 Virtual Investor Series - Australia Structured Finance

2023 Virtual Investor Series - Non-China Asia Structured Finance

Interest Rates Drive UK Mortgage Affordability to Weakest Level Since 2008

Evolving Role of China’s Central SOEs May Influence Credit Profiles

2023 Virtual Investor Series - China Structured Finance

Lower Inflation, Steady Home Loans to Improve Pre-Sales at Indonesian Homebuilders

2023 Virtual Investor Series - APAC Structured Finance

Economic Backdrop Remains Supportive for APAC Banks

APAC Semiconductor Makers Can Ride Out Current Cyclical Downturn

China’s Manufacturing Investment Growth Slows; Infrastructure Stays Strong

APAC Cross-Border Bond Market Size to Contract Further in 2023

Tighter Lending Standards to Further Constrain U.S. Consumer Spending

Vietnam's Banking Sector Liquidity Crunch Eases

China’s Evolving Financial Holding Companies Regulation Curtails Risks

High Hydrocarbon Prices to Test European Majors’ Transition Pledges

Food Price Inflation Still High Despite Falling Input Costs

Growth in Cross-Border E-Tailing to Diversify Revenue for Some Chinese Corporates

Commercial Real Estate (CRE) Pressures Manageable for APAC Issuers

Global Bank Regulators to Draw Lessons from Bank Turmoil

Indian NBFIs’ Buoyant Risk Appetites Could Carry Long-Term Risks

Weakening US Office CRE Fundamentals and Capital Access Echoing B-Malls

Short-Term US Debt Limit Increase Would Not Prevent Future Standoffs

New Ad Opportunities Provide Revenue Boost for Sport Franchises

Green Policies Shield Prime London Offices from Hybrid Working

Signs of Stabilising in China’s Property Market, but Not All Will Benefit

Higher Rates May Erode Coverage for APAC's Lower-Rated Corporates

Europe’s Major Banks Well-Placed to Face Market Volatility

U.S. Population Growth Rebounds; State Trends Diverge Due to Migration

Credit Suisse Takeover Will Profoundly Change the Swiss Bank Sector

China’s Financial Regulatory Overhaul Aims to Bridge Regulatory Gaps

CEE Integrated Utilities Resilient to Volatile Energy Markets, Cost Pressure

China Preserves Fiscal Support to Safeguard Economic Recovery

APAC Banks Resilient to Risks Highlighted by US Bank Failures

US State Tax Revenues Continue to Rise but Show Signs of Slowdown

China’s LGFV Funding

U.S. Bank Fallout Extends to Various Non-Bank Financial Sectors

Japanese Megabanks' Credit Profiles May be Affected if BOJ Policy Shifts

NFP Hospital Medians Show Expected Deterioration; Will Worsen

Indian Banks' Improving Financial Performance Supports Intrinsic Creditworthiness

Banking Access Key for China's Private Developers Amid Sector’s High Bond Maturities

EMEA Non-Bank Financial Institutions’ Refinancing Risk is Modest in 2023

2023 LATAM Spotlight - Corporates’ Refinancing and Liquidity Risks

Credit Outlook 2023 - Weakening Macro Environment Puts EMEA Corporates’ Credit Profiles at Risk

China 2023 Growth Forecast Revised Up to 5%

Rating Criteria Synopsis - Structured Finance & Covered Bonds Interest Rate Stresses Criteria - Negative Rates Stresses & Special Topics

Rating Criteria Synopsis - Structured Finance & Covered Bonds Interest Rate Stresses Criteria - Framework & Positive Rate Stresses

Indonesia’s Annual EV Sales to More than Double to 5% in 2023

Australia Credit Trends 2023 – Corporates

Australia Credit Trends 2023 – AU & NZ Public Finance

Credit Outlook 2023 - U.S. Life Plan Communities’ 2023 Sector Outlook Revised to ‘Deteriorating’

China’s New Financial Stability Law to Curb Contagion Risk

Credit Outlook 2023 - Middle East Banks’ Neutral Outlook Reflects Solid Economic Conditions

Credit Outlook 2023 - Deteriorating Outlook for EMEA Retail in 2023

Australia Credit Trends 2023 – REITs

Australia Credit Trends 2023 – Sovereigns

Credit Outlook 2023 - Encircling Macro Headwinds Drive Deteriorating LatAm Corporate Outlook

Australia Credit Trends 2023 – Infrastructure

China’s Reopening Lifts Tourism Recovery Prospects in APAC Economies

Australia Credit Trends 2023 – Banks

2023 Cyber Insurance Market Update

Credit Outlook 2023 - More Operating Woes Await U.S. Colleges & Universities in 2023

ASEAN Bank Asset Quality Risks Mitigated by Economic Growth

Credit Outlook 2023 - Western European Banking Sector Outlooks Mixed for 2023

Credit Outlook 2023 - North America Energy (Oil & Gas) Outlook in 2023

Credit Outlook 2023 - Global Mining Sector Outlook Weakens on Reduced Profits, Cashflow

Credit Outlook 2023 - Recessionary Fallout Muted for U.S. Transportation Infrastructure in 2023

Credit Outlook 2023 - Prices to Aid APAC Oil & Gas’s Stable Credit Metrics; Downstream Recovery

Credit Outlook 2023 - North American SF Asset Performance Outlook Revised to Deteriorating

Credit Outlook 2023 - Outlook Improving for EMEA Utilities in 2023

Credit Outlook 2023 - US Leveraged Finance 2023 Outlook Deteriorating; Defaults Rise on Uncertainty

Credit Outlook 2023 - Continued Domestic Growth, Adequate Liquidity Support APAC Emerging-Market Fincos

Credit Outlook 2023 - Deteriorating Outlooks on Half of APAC Corporate Sectors Amid Weaker Macro Backdrop

Credit Outlook 2023 - Chinese LGFVs Carry Local and Regional Governments' Fiscal Pressure

Credit Outlook 2023 - Global MMFs 2023 Sector Outlook is Deteriorating

Credit Outlook 2023 - Green Shoots May Take Time in EMEA Leveraged Finance

Credit Outlook 2023 - APAC Transportation Infrastructure Remains Resilient Despite Rising Risks

Credit Outlook 2023 - Macro Backdrop to Challenge Asset Values, Credit Quality for North American FinCos

Credit Outlook 2023 - Outlook ‘Deteriorating’ for U.S. States & Local Governments in 2023; Ratings Stable

Credit Outlook 2023 - APAC Tech Deteriorating Amidst Global Economy Risks in 2023

Credit Outlook 2023 - Global Oil & Gas Sector’s Profits are High Despite Windfall Taxes

Credit Outlook 2023 - Neutral 2023 Global Autos Outlook Pent Up Demand Offsets Macro Risk

Credit Outlook 2023 - Developed and Emerging Europe Finco Outlook Deteriorating as Rates Rise Funding Tightens

Credit Outlook 2023 - Resilient Demand Balancing Macro Risk for Global Transports in 2023

Credit Outlook 2023 - Asia-Pacific Power Demand Growth to Stabilise, Energy Transition to Continue

Credit Outlook 2023 - APAC Sovereigns to Face Risks from Slowing Global Growth in 2023

Credit Outlook 2023 - Labor Pains to Intensify for U.S. NFP Hospitals in 2023

Credit Outlook 2023 - Global Home Prices to See Declines or Lower Growth in 2023

Credit Outlook 2023 - EMEA Real Estate 2023 Outlook Deteriorates on Higher Interest Rate Environment

Credit Outlook 2023 - A&D Outlook Improving on Stronger Aircraft Demand and Defense Spend

Credit Outlook 2023 - U.S. Bank Asset Quality, Operating Environment to Deteriorate in 2023

Recurring Defaults Expose Chinese CMBS Weaknesses

Credit Outlook 2023 - Chinese Auto Loan ABS and RMBS to Largely Withstand Economic and Sector Headwinds

Credit Outlook 2023 - Investment Managers Face Tough Investment Climate in 2023

Credit Outlook 2023 - Government Support Key to Restoring Market Confidence in China Property Sector

Credit Outlook 2023 - APAC Banks Broadly Steady Despite Economic Headwinds in 2023

Credit Outlook 2023 - APAC Telcos’ 2023 Leverage to Remain Stable, Despite High 5G Capex

Credit Outlook 2023 - Growth and Funding Costs Weigh on 2023 Sovereign Outlook

EMs Closer than DMs to Restoring Pre-Pandemic Fiscal Positions

Indonesia’s JETP May Accelerate Energy Transition

Vietnam’s Policy Tightening Heightens Property Sector Refinancing Risk

China’s Local Governments Will Resort to Incremental Debt Funding

China’s Support Measures for Property Sector Have Mixed Implications

China’s Large Banks to Maintain Stable Performance Despite Rising Risks

Higher Corporate Renewable Power Purchases in India to Benefit Key Stakeholders

ESG Will Increasingly Influence Insurers’ Strategies

APAC Corporates Step up Bond Buybacks Amid Rising Rates

Australian Corporate Issuer Expectations Dampened by Cost and Labour Challenges

2022 Virtual Investor Series - EMEA CLOs

APAC Sovereigns Face External Headwinds

Rapid Unwind of Supply Chain Disruption Cuts Goods Inflation

Risk to India’s Sovereign Rating from External Pressures is Limited

China’s Latest Easing Policies May Not Revive New Home Sales

Recession Expected 2Q23, Strength of US Consumer Will Mitigate Severity

APAC Life Insurers’ Large Liquidity Positions Limit Derivative Exposure Risks

Rising Costs Erode Rating Headroom in UK Pub Sector

Weaker Yen’s Impact Mixed for Japanese Mega Banks

2022 Virtual Investor Series - China RMBS

China’s Population Flows to Pressure Some Local Governments’ Financials

Energy Crisis to Weaken CEE Growth in 2023

OPEC+ Actual Oil Output Fall to be Lower than Production Quota Cuts

Indonesian Homebuilders’ Leverage to Rise on Slowing Presales and Weaker Currency

2022 Virtual Investor Series - Australia RMBS

A Shift to Clean Energy Will Tighten Metals Markets

US Biomanufacturing Plan Poses Minor Risks to Chinese Pharma CDMOs

Home Mortgage Boycotts in China: A Systemic Risk Explained

Cyber Insurance Premium Hikes to Support Returns Amid Rising Claims

Indian Airports Ready for Take-off, Fuelled by Domestic Passengers

Key Takeaways from the 2022 International Reinsurance Conference in Monte Carlo

APAC Bank Regulators Lean Towards Conservative Crypto Approaches

Higher Interest Rates Challenge APAC Digital Banks

Sustained Fall in APAC Sovereign Reserves Could Erode External Buffers for Some

Financial Leverage to Improve for Japan’s Top-100 Corporates

Cyber Risk Mitigation Adds to Cost Pressure for Not-for-Profit Hospitals

China Provincial Government & SOEs Snapshot Series - Hebei Province and Local SOEs

Credit Profiles of Leading Vehicle-Battery Suppliers Can Withstand Rapid Expansion

Understanding the SSA 50 Handbook in Three Minutes

US Public Transit Faces Multi-Year Recovery

China Accelerates NPL Resolution to Mitigate Risks at Smaller Banks

China Provincial Government and SOEs Snapshot Series - Zhejiang Province and Local SOEs

Chinese NPL Securitisations’ Performance to Face Economic Headwinds

US Labor Remains Tight, Trend Likely Peaked as Median Unemployment Falls Below Pre-Pandemic Levels

Rise in Mortgage Defaults in China Raises Risks for Banks and Developers

Impact of Rising Interest Rates on APAC Banks

Global Food Price Inflation Likely to Fall Sharply in 2023

EU Companies Still Face Gas Halt Risk Despite Nord Stream Restart

Southern European Banks Have Headroom for Asset Quality Risk

EM Banks’ Profitability Mitigates Economic Slowdown Risks

Chinese Corporate Credit Polarisation Persists Onshore Despite Liquidity Easing

China Provincial Government & SOEs Snapshot Series - Shanxi Province and Local SOEs

Indian Renewable Issuers Retain Refinancing Flexibility

U.S. Buy Now Pay Later Challenged by Rising Credit and Funding Costs

APAC Sovereigns Vulnerable if China Sees Further Covid-19 Outbreaks

Non-European Emerging Markets Vulnerable to an EU Growth Shock

Apparel, Durable Goods Most Vulnerable to Climate Risk Within Retail

Indian Banks to Weather Near-Term Pressure from Rate Hikes

Australian Bank Ratings Should Withstand a Moderate Housing Downturn

India Macroeconomic and Sovereign Outlook

High Oil Prices, Relocation Support UAE Real Estate Recovery

UK Airports Are Most Exposed to Air Travel Disruptions in Europe

Demand and Government Policies Drive Growth of China's Health Insurance Market

China Property - Grey Funding Channels

2022 Mid-Year Outlook - Sovereign Sector Outlook Revised to Neutral from Improving on Ukraine War Impact

Macro Risk May Overtake Regulatory Risk for Chinese Tech Firms

India’s Fintech Regulation Set to Tighten Further

Rising Technological Risks for APAC Banks May Weigh on Ratings

2022 Mid-Year Outlook - APAC Corporate Sector Outlooks Shift Amid Global Shocks

2022 Mid-Year Outlook - Inflation, Rate Rises, Stagflation Undermine Sector Outlooks

2022 Mid-Year Outlook - Global Corporates are Adequately Equipped to Weather Risks in 2022

Chinese Digital Economy’s Industrial Penetration Set to Rise

APAC ‘BBB-’ and ‘BBB’ Corporates: Stagflation Downgrade Risk

US Public School Districts Face Heightened Labor Cost Pressures

Singapore's Green Sovereign Bonds to Boost Sustainable Finance Capacity

China’s Property Developers Use JV as a Funding Channel, Including Complex Structures

Indonesian Homebuilders’ Cash Flows to Moderate on Rising Costs, Slower Pre-Sales

China Property Developers’ Grey Funding Channels - Reverse Factoring

China's Consumer-Focused Firms Face Varying Risks as Demand Weakens

Housing Market Slowdown Influences Canadian Bank, Sovereign Ratings

EU’s Russian Oil Ban to Redirect Trade Flows, Prop up Prices

Chinese State Sector to Require More Debt to Fund Investment Goals

UK Climate Stress Test for Banks, Insurers Is the Toughest Yet

EU Utilities Face Accelerated Systemic Shift in Energy Market

Australian Fiscal Outlook Steady as New Government Focuses on Climate Change

China Bank Risks to Rise on Covid-Related Disruptions

Russia-Ukraine Crisis Disrupts European Aerospace Supply Chains

Supply-Chain ABS - A Unique Funding Source for China‘s Property Developers

Impact of Adverse Economic Scenario on EMEA Corporates

Indian Renewable Power Generators Face Modest Gains from Spiking Power Demand

Macro Policy and Performance Key Tests for New Philippine President

Monetary Tightening Poses Medium-Term Risks to Japan’s Debt Dynamics

China 2022 Growth Forecast Cut Amid Covid-19 Outbreaks

U.S. to Recover All Pandemic-Driven Job Losses by Q3 2022

Higher Fuel Costs Could Test Resilience of India ABS Transactions

What Investors Want to Know - Chinese Corporates’ Post-Default Recovery

DM Banks Face Profit Challenges After Bounce-Back from Pandemic

Rising US House Prices Drive Interest in Essential Housing

US States Strategize for Clean Energy Transition

High Gas Prices Could Slow Gains in Toll Road Leisure Traffic

APAC Banks’ Deeper Stablecoin Engagement Carries Risks

Implementation Risks Lurk in US State 2022 Tax Cut Plans

Ukraine War Intensifies Low-Carbon Supply-Chain Disruptions

China Developers’ Audit Problems Raise Financing Pressures

Central Transfers Ease China’s Local Government Fiscal Strains

Pandemic Entrenched State Population Changes, Migration Key Factor

Russia Sanctions Create Divestment Challenges for EM ETFs

US Federal Reserve Digital Currency Could Impact Money Market Funds

China Provincial Government & SOEs Snapshot Series - Henan Province and Local SOEs

Decentralised Finance May Divide into Regulated and Unregulated

European Airlines’ Recovery Dampened by Russia-Ukraine Conflict

Fitch Expects Significant Economic Shock to CIS+ Region from War in Ukraine

China Loosens Fiscal Policy to Support Slowing Economy

Growing Crypto Mining Could Affect Energy Markets

Global Pharma and Biotech Pivots Towards R&D Productivity

Bank of Canada Raises Interest Rates and Mulls Quantitative Tightening

Russia-Ukraine Conflict Raises Risks for Some Emerging Markets

Chinese Developers’ Funding

Latin American Corporates Top 10 What Investors Want to Know 2022

Transportation Infrastructure Criteria Snapshot

Singapore Budget Shifts Focus to Medium-Term Challenges

Stronger Dollar Remains a Risk for Emerging-Market Sovereigns

ResiGlobal – A model for the analysis of residential mortgage portfolios

Japan’s Income Policies Help, But Insufficient to Spur Wage Growth

2022 Credit Outlook - Canadian Provinces

China’s New Rules for Large MMFs Could Reduce Systemic Risk

Growing Crypto Engagement Carries Risks for SE Asian Banks

2022 Credit Outlook - Economic Recoveries Drive Global Financial Sector Outlooks in 2022

2022 Credit Outlook - Innovation Drives Growth in Global Big Pharma & Biotech

2022 Credit Outlook - Base Metals Demand Growth Supports Global Mining Sector Outlook

2022 Credit Outlook - Financial Discipline Supports Global Oil Gas Sector Outlook

2022 Credit Outlook - U.S. Healthcare and Pharma Outlook Neutral for 2022

2022 Credit Outlook - Pricing Power Must Offset Cost Pressures in European Lev Fin

2022 Credit Outlook - More Entrenched Recovery Underpins Fiscal Improvement in Western Europe

SME and Microfinance Stress to Raise NPLs for Indian NBFIs

2022 Credit Outlook - Policy Tightens but Sovereigns Outlook for 2022 is Improving

2022 Credit Outlook - Rising Labor Expenses Cloud U.S. NFP Hospitals

2022 Credit Outlook - Global Airline Outlook Improving but Material Risks Remain

2022 Credit Outlook - LatAm Banks See Credit Expansion, Manageable Credit Losses in 2022

2022 Credit Outlook - Canadian Banks Will Continue to Benefit from Economic Recovery in 2022

2022 Credit Outlook - Western European Banks to Benefit from Ongoing Economic Recovery

2022 Credit Outlook - U.S. Lev Fin Outlook Neutral for 2022; Low Defaults but Risks to Monitor

China Property Stress Scenario Points to Contagion Risk

2022 Credit Outlook - EMEA Structured Finance Asset Performance Outlook Neutral for All Sectors

2022 Credit Outlook - China LGFVs - Government Policies to be a Key Focus

2022 Credit Outlook - APAC Corps Neutral Outlook Overall, China Property Worsening

2022 Credit Outlook - Fitch Expects Operating Environment for LPCs to Remain Unchanged in 2022

2022 Credit Outlook - North American and European Securities Firms Outlooks Neutral for 2022

2022 Credit Outlook - Return of Confidence Key to Stability for Chinese Property Developers

2022 Credit Outlook - North American Structured Finance Asset Performance to Remain Steady in 2022

2022 Credit Outlook - Global Home Price Growth to Slow in 2022

2022 Credit Outlook - EMEA Utilities Stable on High Prices, Increasing Capex Plans

2022 Credit Outlook - Asia-Pacific Sovereigns - Gradual Turn to Policy Normalisation

2022 Credit Outlook - North America to Grow Strongly in 2022, Policy Will Tighten

2022 Credit Outlook - Global Auto Conditions to Improve in 2022, Supply Chain Risk Exists

2022 Credit Outlook - China Structured Finance Performance May Deteriorate in 2022

2022 Credit Outlook - U.S. Retail – Revenue Deceleration Expected

2022 Credit Outlook - Neutral 2022 Outlook for U.S. Technology

2022 Credit Outlook - APAC Banks' Earnings Improvements Continue at a Varying Pace

2022 Credit Outlook – North America & Europe FinTech

2022 Credit Outlook - Global Banking Regulation to Tighten for 2022

2022 Credit Outlook - Pro-Cyclical Postures and Rate Views May Test Financial Policies

2022 Credit Outlook - Normalization Expected for U.S. Banks in 2022

2022 Credit Outlook - U.S. State and Local Governments Search for Predictability in 2022

2022 Credit Outlook - Global Aerospace End Market Improving, Defense Stable

2022 Credit Outlook - Global Investment Managers Resilient to 2022 Challenges

2022 Credit Outlook - Neutral Sector Outlook Maintained for EMEA Renewable Energy

2022 Credit Outlook - Inflation Could Disrupt Steadier U.S. Transportation in 2022

2022 Credit Outlook - Asia-Pacific Transportation Infrastructure

2022 Credit Outlook- EMEA Transport Infrastructure Sector Outlook is Improving

2022 Credit Outlook - Moderate Recovery, Challenges Remain for APAC Tech in 2022

2022 Credit Outlook - U.S. Diversified Industrials and Capital Goods Outlook Neutral for 2022

2022 Credit Outlook - Neutral US BDC Outlook Driven by Solid Financial Profiles

2022 Credit Outlook - Latin American Corporates Well Positioned for Challenges Ahead

2022 Credit Outlook - Climate Risks and Evolving Financing Structures for U.S. Energy Infrastructure in 2022

2022 Credit Outlook - APAC Power Demand and Energy Transition to Accelerate

2022 Credit Outlook - Low Headroom for APAC Telco’s Ratings, Improvements Modest

Rising Insurance Costs Add to US Public Finance Cyber Pressures

China Provincial Government & SOEs Snapshot Series - Yunnan Province and Local SOEs

Australian Monetary Policy Recalibration Signals Inflation Risk

Infrastructure Bill Could Spur Overdue Road, Bridge Repairs

Rating Criteria Synopsis - Corporate Rating Criteria

Credit Brief - Global Structured Finance Coronavirus Performance Report 4Q21

Fitch Ratings is the Market Leader in India

China Property Tax May Add to Near-Term LRG Cash-Flow Strains

Rating Criteria Synopsis - Structured Finance and Covered Bonds Counterparty Rating Criteria

Rating Criteria Synopsis - Global Structured Finance Rating Criteria

Japan’s New Leader Unlikely to Shift Policy Approach Sharply

Chinese Coal, Steel and Cement Firms to See Further Consolidation

Fitch Ratings leads the way in USPF/Public Power

Effects of Historic Drought Vary Across Brazilian Corporates

Emerging Markets Central Banks Respond to Inflation Shock

China Provincial Government & SOEs Snapshot Series - Jiangsu Province and Local SOEs

Young Buyers, Online Sales Drive Growth of China’s Local Brands

South-East Asia Fintechs’ Path to Profitability Key as Adoption Gains Pace

Fitch Ratings is the Market Leader in Islamic Finance

LatAm Banking Systems Tested by Political and Social Unrest

China Water Sector Blue Book

US Restaurants Up Prices to Offset Labor Inflation on Strong Demand

Systemic Cyberattack Could Present Material Risk for U.S. Banks

US Healthcare System to Expand, Adapt to Long-Term COVID-19 Fallout

Credit Impact of Inflation Risk Varies for Australian Issuers

Relentless Cyber Attacks to Pressure NFP Hospitals’ Operations

China’s SOEs to See Greater Differentiation of State Support

Olympics Without Crowds to Cost Reinsurers USD300m-400m

Governance Most Influential Global Infrastructure ESG Factor

Fitch Ratings is the Market Leader in Vietnam

External Liquidity Strains Ease in Some APAC Frontier Economies

ResiGlobal - A walk-through visual aid to using Fitch’s RMBS asset model

COVID-19 Exacerbating US Affordable Housing Stresses

Regulatory Risk a Key Factor Influencing Chinese Internet Issuers’ Credit Profiles

Public Infrastructure Cyberattacks May Pose Broad Financial Risk

India’s Second Wave Manageable for Most Companies; Swift Rebound Expected in Auto Demand

Exclusive Interview with Australian Treasurer

A Higher US Corporate Tax Rate Is Not a Key Credit Risk Driver

Central Bank Digital Currencies May Disrupt Financial Systems

Australia’s Budget Highlights Credit-Positive Growth Recovery

Water, Air Quality, Energy, Biodiversity & Extreme Climate Issues to Affect Credits

Rating Outlooks for Financial Institutions Begin to Stabilize

US Infrastructure Bill Mixed for Telecom, Beneficial for Building Materials Longer Term

FitchCast – Global Structured Finance Performance: A Year Into a Global Pandemic

Spectrum Outcomes to Shape 5G Priorities, Credit Trends

China’s Fintech Evolves on Fast Track, Diversified Applications

Exclusive Q&A with New Zealand Finance Minister

Tighter Regulation to Trim China Household Lending Growth

Reprofiling Bank Debt May Pose Rating Challenges for China SOEs

Coronavirus Accelerates US Digital Banking, Branch Optimization

Exclusive Q&A with Indonesian Finance Minister

FitchCast SSA - Government Related Entities

Travel Rebound to Boost US, Canadian Airport and Airline Recovery

US Climate Policy May Alter Some US Corporate Business Models

China’s High-Tech Foreign Direct Investment

Fitch Long Term ESG Vulnerability Scores

Australia ABS Performance

US Stimulus Will Boost Growth at a Cost of Higher Deficits, Debt

China Strikes Cautious Note on Fiscal Consolidation

China’s Tougher Online Loan Rules Unlikely to Hurt Rated Banks

Pandemic Fallout to Delay US Drug Price Reform, Biosimilars Uptake

Awareness and Confidence Key Challenges for Islamic Finance Growth

Credit Outlook Conference Key Takeaways - Global Macro and Sovereigns

Keystone Executive Order Sets Precedent for NA Midstream Energy

Semiconductor Shortage Delays Global Automotive Sector Recovery

The Rise of Consumer Finance in China to Bolster Consumption

LATAM Spotlight Series: New Cross-Border Issuers Span Multiple Sectors and Countries

ESG Impact on Strategy, Financing, Policies Will Grow in 2021

China Bank Property Lending Caps to Curb Concentration Risks

Fitch Ratings 2021 Outlook - US Municipal Sectors

U.S. Healthcare and Pharma Outlook Stable for 2021

Home Price Growth to Stall Around the Globe in 2021

Fitch Ratings 2021 Outlook - APAC Sovereigns

Fitch Ratings 2021 Outlook - China Homebuilding

Fitch Ratings 2021 Outlook - China Local Regional Governments and Related Entities

Latin America Sovereign Rating Pressures Persist into 2021

Fitch Ratings 2021 Outlook - APAC Banks

Coronavirus Dominates Global Sovereigns 2021 Outlook

Fitch Ratings 2021 Outlook - Australia and New Zealand Structured Finance

APAC Corps to Recover in 2021, but Cash Flow Weaker than 2019

Fitch Ratings 2021 Outlook - China Structured Finance

China E-tailing Sector

Rebound in Global Travel Will Be Gradual Despite Probable Vaccines

APAC Corporate Earnings Improving; Still Face Pandemic Strain

US Election – Divided Congress Limits Credit Impact

Reacting to Global Changes - Effective Cash Management

US Pharma COVID-19 Vaccine to Benefit Revenue More than Margins

Indonesia’s Reform Package Boosts Growth Prospects

China’s Gas Reform Credit Neutral for NOCs; Positive for Large Distributors

Drawn-Out U.S. Presidential Election Scenario Highlights Governance Risks

Chinese Securities Firms Enjoy High Profitability vs APAC Peers

Ratings Process

Fitch Ratings Introduces Peer Group of 50 Asian High-Yield Corporates

US Exports Curbs on Chinese Forms to Shift Tech Supply Chains

Cutting-edge Chinese E-tailing Operators Compete Intensely in Fast-Evolving Market

Singapore REITs – Challenges to Persist in 2021

Telcos Worldwide to Ramp Up 5G Capex, Raising Pressure on Credit Profiles

Rating Criteria Synopsis - Structured Finance and Covered Bonds Country Risk Rating Criteria

Australian Arrears Reach Record High for Auto ABS, Remain Low for RMBS Amid Coronavirus

Chinese Vehicle Battery Suppliers

Coronavirus Not the Only Challenge for Corporate Ratings

Reinsurance Sector will Struggle to Earn Cost of Capital in 2020/21

When LGFVs Meet New Infrastructure

Telehealth Provides US Healthcare Temporary Revenue Stop Gap

Did you Know? Unique Mortgage Market Features

Coronavirus Spurs Material Increase in LATAM Corporate Fallen Angels

Chinese E-tailing Rising as Consumers Eye Discretionary Items Online

Chinese Home Appliances Bluebook

Blue Book: Chinese Home Appliances to Ride on Urbanisation, M&As for Growth

Chinese Auto ABS Shows Resilience Amid Pandemic; Headwinds Remain

Coronavirus Impact on Asia-Pacific Telecoms and Technology

US Corporate Supply Chain-Driven Credit Risk is Mostly Low to Moderate

Dechert LIBORcast: LIBOR Transition – The Rating Agency Perspective

Reopening of Australia’s Economy Has Varying Impact Across Corporate Sectors

China’s Shift to E-tailing Picks Up After Coronavirus Outbreak

2020 Virtual Investor Meeting - Structured Finance in the Time of COVID-19

Investors and Corporates Perceive Future ESG Risks Differently

Latin American Corporates Hit Hard by Pandemic Lockdown

Corporates Face USD5 Trillion 2020 Revenue Loss from Crisis

USPF Not-For-Profit Hospitals & Health Systems

COVID-19 Investor Poll: A Gradual U-shaped Recovery

Latam Oil & Gas See Profitability Hit Severely in 2020

China Trade Clash Risks Vary for Australian Corporates

Introducing IPF China Fitch Analytical Comparative Tool (FACT)

LATAM Telecoms May Cut Capex Due to Coronavirus-Related Cash Burn

Global Sports Leagues Weigh Risks of Reopening Seasons

Extended Production Cuts to Raise LATAM Metal & Mining Rating Risk

China Shadow-Financing Sector Faces Rising Asset Impairment

ESG Credit Quarterly Q1 2020

Coronavirus Tests EV Growth, Raises EU Carmakers’ Penalty Risk

OPEC+ Deal Reduces Downside Risks, Surplus Not Eliminated

APAC Banking Outlooks Negative as Coronavirus Heightens Risks

Lure of Higher Inflows to Fuel ESG Fund Launches Post-Coronavirus

Ownership and Sector Key Factors in China SOE Defaults

Fitch Ratings Website Virtual Tour

39% of APAC Corporates More Exposed to Coronavirus

Chinese Express Delivery Companies Facing Rising Capex Needs

Oil Shock Compounds Sovereign Credit Risks from Coronavirus

Industry Faces Climate Transition Challenge

German 2030 Climate Package May Become Green Law Blueprint

Political Concern and Refinancing Risks – Key Findings from the Fitch Ratings-FinanceAsia 2020 Asia Credit Market Outlook survey

Commodities and Trade Stress Latin America’s Vulnerability to China

China Slowdown Would Hit Banks in Asian Developed Markets Most

Video Roundtable: United States and the Global Economy - September 2018

The United States and the Global Economy - A Video Roundtable

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2023年澳洲10开奖直播 幸运十开奖官网结果 168澳洲幸运10正规官网 澳洲10开奖历史记录 Financial Training Courses

Courses cover corporate credit, bank and insurance company analysis, corporate finance, risk, and more.


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